Kaduna state is located at the northern part of Nigeria’s high plains. The vegetation cover is Sudan savannah characterized by scattered short trees, shrubs and grasses. The word ‘Kaduna’ is said to come as a result of a narrative linked to the Hausa word for crocodile (kada) in the river Kaduna, this is contested by the Gbagyi people known to have lived in the area for centuries. That the word ‘Kaduna’ is said to be Gbagyi word for a river. But the name Kaduna was taken up by Lord Fredrick Lugard and his colonial colleagues when they moved the capital of the then northern region from Zingeru to Kaduna.
Kaduna state was founded by the British in 1913 and became the capital of Nigeria’s former northern region hich was made up of Zaria and Katsina in 1917, and it retained this status until 1967 when it became the capital of the north central state which was later renamed Kaduna state in 1976.
Kaduna state is divided into 23 local government areas They are: Birnin Gwari, Chikun, Giwa, Igabi, Ikara, Jaba, Jema’a, Kachia, Kaduna North, Kaduna South, Kagarko, Kajuru, Kaura, Kauru, Kubau, Kudan, Lere, Makarfi, sabon Gari, Sanga, Soba Zangon Kataf and Zaria.
The state is politically classified as belonging to the northwestern part of the country with about 6.1million people (2006 estimate). Kaduna State is a multi-cultural and multi-ethnic state populated by over 60 different ethnic groups with Hausa/Fulani and Gbagyi as the dominant ethnic groups.
A number of notable educational institutions in the country are located in the State. They are: Nigerian Defence Academy, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Kaduna Polytechnic, Kaduna, Nuhu Bamalli Polytechnic, Zaria, Kaduna State University, Nigerian College of Aviation, Zaria, College of Education Gidan Waya-Kafanchan, Shehu Idris College of Health Health Sciences And Technology-Makarfi, College of Nursing-Kafanchan, Institute of Leather Research-Zaria, Federal College of Education-Zaria, National Open University of Nigeria, National Water Resources Institute, Kaduna, Nigerian Institute of transport technology, Zaria., National Research Institute for Chemical Technology and many others.
Kaduna state is blessed with minerals which include clay, serpentine, asbestos, amethyst, kyannite, gold, graphite and siltimanite graphite, which is found in Sabon Birnin Gwari, in the Birnin Gwari local government. This is an important raw material used in the manufacture of pencils, crucibles, electrodes, generator brushes and other sundry parts.
Luggard Hall and Government Monument Bridge, General Hassan Usman Park, Nok Terra Cotta-Nok Village, National Museum/Monument, Emir of Zazzau’s Palace, Jakaranda Pottery, Kaduna Souvenir, Fifth Chukker Resorts, Matsirga Waterfalls, Trapco Ranch and Resort, Kajuru Castle, River Kaduna, St. Bartholomew’s church, Kamuku National Park.
Kaduna is an industrial center of Northern Nigeria , manufacturing products like textiles, machinery, steel , aluminum, petroleum products and bearings.